6th Grade Physical Science – Energy

This Grade 6 Physical Science Unit focuses on energy in earth systems and addresses the California Science Standards for 6th grade for the topic of energy in Earth systems and Investigation and Experimentation Standards. By the end of the unit students know that the sun is the major source of energy for earth systems. Solar energy reaches the Earth as radiation in the form of visible light. Convection currents distribute the sun’s heat in the atmosphere and oceans. Heat is transferred in Earth solids by conduction. Energy can be carried from one place to another by heat flow, waves including water, light, sound or by moving objects. Energy is transferred and transformed between different forms of energy. Applications of energy doing work include experiences with windmills, water wheels, heat from a peanut, solar powered batteries and balloons.

6th Grade Earth Science – Plate Tectonics

This Unit focuses on plate tectonics and addresses the California Science Standards for 6th grade for the topic of plate tectonics and Investigation and Experimentation. By the end of the unit students will know: Plate tectonics accounts for important features of the Earth’s surface and major geological events. Evidence for plate tectonics is derived from the fit of continents; the location of earthquakes, and midocean ridges; and distribution of fossils, rock types, and ancient climatic zones. The Earth is composed of several layers: a cold, brittle lithosphere, a hot, convecting mantle; and a dense, metallic core. These layers have different densities, compositions and temperatures (energy). Lithospheric plates the size of continents and oceans move at rates of centimeters per year responding to convection currents in the mantle. Geologic events, such as earthquakes and mountain building, result from movement of the plates. Earthquakes are sudden motions along the breaks in the crust called faults and that volcanoes and fissures are locations where magma reaches the surface. Epicenters of earthquake can be determined. The effects of the earthquake on any region varies, depends on the size of the earthquake, the distance of the region from the epicenter, the local geology, and the type of construction in the region. Every plate boundary is a dynamic place resulting in changes to the earth’s surface. Mountains and sea floor trenches can be explained if you understand the possible combinations of crust movement at the boundaries. When two continental plates collide, large mountain ranges (like the Himilaya) are formed. Because an oceanic plate will subduct, deep sea trenches result. Even transform boundaries involve great pressure that can alter land formations and result in small mountain ranges. Major features of California geology, including the Channel Islands, are the result of plate tectonics.

6th Grade Earth Science –  Earthquakes & Volcanoes

This Unit focuses on earthquakes and volcanoes and is recommended to be taught following the Grade 6 Earth Science Unit: Plate Tectonics. Earthquakes and volcanoes are two of the visible signs of plate tectonics. The unit addresses the California Science Standards for 6th grade for the topics of Earthquakes and Volcanoes as well as Investigation and Experimentation. By the end of the unit students will know: Geologic events, such as earthquakes and volcanoes result from movement of the plates. Every plate boundary is a dynamic place resulting in changes to the earth’s surface. Earthquakes are sudden motions along the breaks in the crust called faults and that volcanoes and fissures are locations where magma reaches the surface. Epicenters of earthquake can be determined by a variety of measures. The effects of the earthquake on any region varies, depends on the size of the earthquake, the distance of the region from the epicenter, the local geology, and the type of construction. Earthquake preparedness includes planning construction of buildings, location of buildings, and gathering supplies for a potential earthquake. Major features of California geology are formed by seismic activity in the form of volcanoes and earthquakes.

6th Grade Earth Science –  Weathering & Erosion

This Grade 6 Earth Science Weathering and Erosion Unit focuses on weathering and erosion and addresses the California Science Standards for 6th grade for the topic of reshaping the topography of the Earth and Investigation and Experimentation Standards. Changes in the Earth are caused by weathering of rock and soil, and by transportation and deposition of sediments. By the end of the unit students will know that water running downhill is the dominant process in shaping California’s landscape. Rivers and streams are dynamic systems that erode, transport sediment, change course and flood their banks in natural recurring patterns. Rivers flow to beaches where sand supplied by the river is moved along the coast in predictable patterns by the action of waves. In addition, a significant California landslide or slump is representative of water logged soil sliding downhill in the local La Conchita area.

2 Comments
  1. Albert Reply
    Thank you, Thank you, Thank you... I'm a first year teacher and this resource is awesome! Thank you
  2. Angela Reply
    Thank you so much for allowing us to use this resource! I am homeschooling our oldest of three who is a sixth grader and really am grateful that this is available!!

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